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Castel Ritaldi

Castel Ritaldi

Province of Perugia - Tourist Information: I.A.T 0743-218620/21, Town Hall Tel. 0743-252811.

USEFUL FACTS

Population: 2,751 (Casteilritaldesi); surface sq km: 22.50; S.I.M height: 297 m.; Distance from Perugia 54 Km; Tel. Dial/Area Code 0743; Zip/Postal Code 06044; Train Station. (FS Spoleto) 14 km, Motorway/Highway A1 (Florence-Rome), exit Val di Chiana then take the expressway towards Perugia-Spoleto from Rome and exit at Orte, SS Flaminia towards Spoleto. Hamlets: Bruna, Castel S. Giovanni, Colle del Marchese, Mercatello, Torregrosso.

HISTORY

Set on a hill a few kilometers from Spoleto, Castel Ritaldi’s history followed closely the historical events that affected Spoleto. Since the time of the Romans, it was assigned the hub center for defense, fortified within city walls and towers. Along with Spoleto, therefore, for better or for worse, it prospered under the Roman Empire and was destroyed at the fall of the Roman Empire, and from the incursions of the barbarians that followed. It returned to flourish under the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto. In Xl century, Castel Ritaldi, along with other castles in the area (Castel San Giovanni, Colle del Marchese, etc.), became part of a federation called "Normannia" or "Normandy", acquiring in the fourteenth century its own statutes (the originals are kept in the State Archives), and leading the life of a free city until, in the fifteenth century, it was incorporated permanently in the possessions of the Papal States which shared its fate until 1860, entering, then, part of the Italian State.

HISTORIC FIGURES

Castel Ritaldi gave birth to the baritone Angelini Rota (XIX cent.), an internationally renowned artist

WHAT TO SEE

In the area of ​​Castel Ritaldi, the Castles of Colle del Marchese, Castel S. Giovanni and Castel Ritaldi, date back to the thirteenth century, and still bear witness to the vestiges of the past. The parish church of Santa Maria, from the fourteenth or fifteenth century, contains two valuable works of art: "Our Lady of Mercy", by Nicholas Lattanzio Pupil, and a fresco depicting the "Eternal Father, the Virgin Mary, the Angels and Saints ", by Tiberio d'Assisi. In the church of St. Nicholas, from the fifteenth century, was characterized by a beautiful entrance portal dating back to 1486. There is also a fresco from the School of Spain, unfortunately deteriorating rapidly. Outside Castel Ritaldi, about a mile, a must visit to the ancient church of San Gregorio in Nido, from the twelfth century, (one of the oldest in the country) with the facade characterized by a portal surmounted by a bas-relief dating back to 1141 (place on the lunette) representing scenes of rural life. Next to it stands a bell tower of which it has a rose window that was taken from a demolished church. The Sanctuary of the Madonna della Bruna, is situation in the hamlet of Bruna dating back to the sixteenth century, with a beautiful sixteenth century architecture and a Greek cross plan. The Sanctuary is included in the " percorso Mariano”, a spiritual tour..

ECONOMY

Until the mid-seventeenth century. the area's economy was based on the cultivation of saffron, then, with the introduction of the cultivation of olives and grape vines (by the Dominicans) there is more of a tendency for this type of farming. Today, the agriculture of Castel Ritaldi produces excellent olive oil and wine. Handcrafts, in particular, woodworking, and the local craft industry is expanding more and more. The tourism sector, thanks to the value of its historical, artistic and cultural landscape, is becoming an important voice in the local economy.